History of UNS
“The clearness of the morning sun on March 11, 1976, Thursday Kliwon, adds to the brightening and splendor along the middle street of the main square in north Solo to Siti Hinggil. The colorful decorations of cloth and coconut leaves, the clean red rugs that stretched from Pegelaran to Siti Hinggil and the exposed face of the Siti Hinggil building itself, made the ceremony venue. (Abu Alim Masykuri, 1977)
Eleven March at 10.00 am, with the reading of the Presidential Decree of the Republic of Indonesia regarding the opening of “Surakarta Sebelas Maret State University”, Sebelas Maret University (UNS) was officially established as a State University in Solo. The festive scene enlivened the inauguration of the state university that had been born for a long time. The origin of UNS can be traced back to the 1950s.
At that time, Solo wanted to establish a state university of its own, considering that other cities had universities that were even decades old. However, due to war, unification of government, turmoil of political currents, damaged people’s economy, and others, a state university in Solo has not been able to be realized.
In 1953, after all the chaos had ended, there was a desire to realizing the university back. It was because Solo is the center of native Javanese culture, and there was great potential in the college field, both for teaching staff and students. A committee to establish a university was formed, with the chairman Mohammad Saleh, the mayor of Solo at that time. But, this attempt failed before it could start.
The cause were the absence of financial sources from both the regional and central government, the desire of some groups to establish their own private university, and the sympathy of several people from Gajah Mada University. Moreover there were obstacles and development that was being carried out in the city of Solo made that establishment disappeared. Even more with the political uproar between the parties fighting for power in the government.
Ten years later, in 1963, the Surakarta City Praja University (UPKS) suddenly appeared. The university was initiated by the local government at that time, led by Utomo Ramelan. At this time too, the Communist Party was growing well. Likewise with UPKS, the knowledge of socialism has developed in the world of university education. University Age is also not that long. When the G30 S incident broke out in Indonesia, this university was finally buried because of all the things that the rules of socialism / communism were then prohibited.
The idea of establishing a university emerged again on January 11, 1968, when R. Kusnandar became Mayor of Surakarta Municipality. He also formed a university founding committee. However, like the committee that was formed earlier, this committee failed. The background to this failure was also the same as before, namely the central government at that time could not finance the establishment of a state university in Solo and the regional finances of Solo at that time were also unable to finance it.
At about the same time, in 1966, Saraswati National University proposed itself to become a public university. It was allowed by the minister. Then, along with other private universities and official services, this group of universities became a new university called the Surakarta Joint University (UGS). On June 1, 1975, the eight universities that were members of the UGS were officially founded. The eight universities are: STO Negeri Surakarta, PTPN Veteran Surakarta, AAN Saraswati, Cokroaminoto University, Saraswati National University, Surakarta branch of Indonesian Islamic University, Surakarta branch of 17 Agustus 1945 University, and the Surakarta Indonesian Journalistic Institute.
At the end of December 1975, the Minister of Education and Culture reviewed the UGS and confirmed that on March 11, 1976, the UGS would be “state-owned.”
Furthermore, UGS will be merged with other public and private universities to form a state university in Solo. The colleges are: Teacher Training and Education Institute, Sports College, State Business Administration Academy which has been integrated into the State Business Administration Academy in Yogyakarta, Surakarta Joint University, P. T. P. N. Veteran Medical Faculty, Surakarta branch. The university consists of 9 faculties, namely: Faculty of Education, Faculty of Teacher Training, Faculty of Cultural Literature, Faculty of Social Politics, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Faculty of Engineering.
With the completion of the preparations, the Surakarta Sebelas Maret State University was officially established on March 11, 1976. Since 1977, UNS has had an integrated main campus in Kentingan, Jebres, Surakarta covering an area of + 60 ha which was obtained from the Mayor of Surakarta through a Decree of the Mayor of Surakarta on 18 October 1976 number 238 / Kep / T3 / 1976. During its development, in 1982 the name and abbreviation of the State University of Surakarta Sebelas Maret Surakarta (UNS Sebelas Maret) was inaugurated as Sebelas Maret University which was abbreviated as UNS. This change in name and abbreviation was formalized by Presidential Decree No. 55 of 1982.
History of Mechanical Engineering Education
Mechanical Engineering Education Study Program is one of the study programs at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, which produces vocational teachers in the field of Mechanical Engineering.
The PTK Department of FKIP, Sebelas Maret University, comes from the Teaching Engineering Faculty (FKT) IKIP Negeri Surakarta. The Surakarta State Teachers’ Training College (IKIP) was merged with several private universities in Surakarta to become the Surakarta Joint University (UGS). Furthermore, the Surakarta Joint University was inaugurated as a state university on March 11, 1976 with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia No. 10 of 1976 dated March 8, 1976 named Universitas Negeri Surakarta Sebelas Maret and abbreviated as UNS.
At that time, Sebelas Maret University had nine faculties, two of which were the Faculty of Education (FIP) and the Teaching Faculty (FKG). In 1984 through the Decree of the Director General of Higher Education Number 39 / DIKTI / 1984, the two Faculties were merged into one, and was named the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, then abbreviated as FKIP UNS. With the merger of the two Faculties, the existing departments that have status changed into study programs, so that there are 22 study programs in FKIP UNS. The 22 study programs are grouped based on the closeness of their scientific types into 6 groups or majors. One of the 6 majors is the Department of Technical and Vocational Education (JPTK), which consists of 2 study programs, namely the Mechanical Engineering Education Study Program (PTM) and the Building Engineering Education Study Program.
Since 1976/1977 the two study programs have accepted Bachelor degree (BSc) students. Starting in the academic year 1979/1980, the bachelor level was abolished and the two study programs started accepting undergraduate (S1) students.
In 2012, UNS was given the mandate to open an Informatics and Computer Engineering Study Program so that the study program under the Technology and Vocational Education Department became three study programs.
In 2015, in accordance with the changes in the SOTK UNS, the function of the Department was eliminated so that structurally all educational study programs were directly under the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education.